What is Male Infertility?
Men, who are unable to conceive naturally within 1 year of unprotected intercourse due to incapability or unavailability of good quality sperms in semen, can be (not solely) infertile. Not to forget, men with other sexual disorders or dis-functionalities such as infection in vas deferens, erectile abnormality etc., can also experience infertility.
Among various causes, Azoospermia is one of the most common reasons for male infertility-
Azoospermia is a condition in which males have zero/ nil sperms in the semen upon ejaculation. For a man battling infertility, a zero sperm count report can be baffling and might trigger stress and anxiety. This is the time when men must understand their condition thoroughly, possible treatments and subsequent measures to still be able to conceive with their own sperm.
Azoospermia is classified into two types:
Obstructive Azoospermia: Under this condition, males are reported to have Zero sperm count in their semen sample which is analysed in a laboratory. It is noteworthy to understand that males with obstructive Azoospermia can be easily treated and can conceive with their own sperms mostly with ICSI process.
What Happens in Obstructive Azoospermia?
Under obstructive azoospermia the testes produce quality sperms in right number, however, the transfer of sperms via vas deferens is obstructed or blocked. This means that the sperm will not be detected upon ejaculation. Obstructive azoospermia can arise due to various reasons –
Non- Obstructive azoospermia
It is a condition where a man experiences infertility because the sperm production is either abnormal or zero.
Non-Obstructive Azoospermia can be subdivided into two broad heads-
Pre-Testicular Non-Obstructive Azoospermia – Under this condition a man is unable to produce sperms due hormonal imbalance. Most common causes for Pre-testicular Non-Obstructive Azoospermia (not limited to) can be as follows:
Testicular Non-Obstructive Azoospermia – When an underlying condition restricts the proper production of sperms, the condition is termed as testicular non obstructive azoospermia. Possible reasons for this condition can be (Not limited to)-
Depending on the condition of a male partner and the category of Azoospermia he falls under, treatment options are available. Men are advised to take a semen analysis test over a period of time to ensure their fertility and lead a healthier reproductive life.